During Rishon Le-Zion's first years, there was only one physician. As such, he had to fulfill different duties: he also treated the common diseases, beginning with "all sorts of fevers, including malaria, all sorts of internal and external diseases and he also was a midwife, even a dentist, and so on".
The right of being "firsts" is reserved for five doctors who were " 'the few unique' who suffered together with the village, in the beginning, at a time when they didn't even have here anyone to consult when there was a serious illness".
And their names are:
Dr. Stein (of the "Bilu" group), Dr. Darbella, Dr. Mazia, Dr. Entin, Dr. Veizbard.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the village doctors had to fulfill additional duties: they were responsible for sanitation, isolation of patients during epidemics and vaccination of the settlers. The doctor was a salaried worker and received an apartment and transportation from the Village Committee and now a registered nurse, pharmacist and midwife also worked with him.
After the World War I (during the 1920's) many doctors from Europe began arriving to Eretz Israel. Several settled Rishon Le-Zion. Another wave took place in the 1930's when German doctors arrived to the village. During these years, medical work took on a new face. The British rule organized new medical procedures, spread a network of epidemiologic and sanitary doctors, organized governmental clinics and upgraded hospitals.
The list includes doctors who were residents in Rishon Le-Zion until the 1940's.