||Feinberg Har-Tiferet Yosef
The founder, Yosef Feinberg, was born in Simpropol, Russia, where he received a general education. He completed formal studies in chemistry at universities in Germany and Switzerland and worked in his profession in a sugar factory near Kiev. In the wake of the pogroms in Russia (suffot Ba-Negev) in 1881, his love for his people and his country was awakened. He left his post and came to Eretz Israel in March 1882.
In Jaffa, together with Zalman David Levontin, he founded "The Committee of the Tesod Ha'maala Pioneers" whose aim was to buy up land in the country and establish villages. He then decided to change his name and on the protocols of the committee he signed "Yosef Har-Tiferet from Simpropol". He was the treasurer (responsible for the funds) of the Committee and as such worked togerther with Zalman David Levontin in searching land that was for sale.
When they found the lands of "Ayun Kara" they decided to establish on them the village of Rishon Le Zion.The Baron Rothschild listened with great intent to "the flames of fire that poured forth from the ambassador of Rishon Le Zion, the young Yosef Feinberg". The heartfelt enthusiasm in the words of his speech were "a gift of God" and touched the heart of that angel of the future who was to become "the well-known benefactor" and in the end "the father of the resettlement". And so it was that the story of the generous support of the Baron Rothschild for Rishon Le Zion began and with it the revival of the Jewish people in their homeland. It is this which stands to the credit of Yosef Feinberg - he was the first to succeed in gaining the heart of the Baron Rothschild for the cause of Zionism.
When he returned from his successful mission to the village of Rishon Le Zion, he built a two storey family home, a home that was the center for the young intelligentia in the village. Together with his wife, Bertha, he worked hard on his chicken and cattle farm and was nicknamed "Yossel the Milkman".Yosef Feinberg was a member of the first and second Village Committees and was a signator to the first book of protocols. He was a "liberal" in the village and supported the influx of the "Biluim" to Rishon Le Zion. When the Baron's officials made life difficult for the settlers he took part in the uprising against them. As a result, the officials forced him to sell his home and farm and leave the Rishon Le Zion which he had founded only a few years earlier.
The Baron was influenced by the reports of his officials and when he visited the country he also insisted that Feinberg sell his property and leave the village. And thus Moshe Smilansky (in his book "The Family of the Earth" - book 1, p.161) reports the dialogue that took place between the two: "Sell your farm and leave" said the Baron on his first visit to the country to the first emmisary from the country. Feinberg replied: "With all your millions you will not succeed in ousting me from here, most honourable Baron". "If so," (replied the Baron), "you are dead in my eyes". The next day Feinberg wrote a letter to the Baron: "Insofar as I am considered dead I took myself to the world of truth but they would not let me in because they said I was still alive: the Baron does not have the power to decree who is alive and who is dead". Feinberg refused to leave and the members of the village stood firmly behind him. But when the Baron's officials withheld the financial support to the village, a special messenger was sent to him with a request from Pinsker and Lilienblum requesting him not to stand in the way of the support that the Baron was giving to the village. Feinberg honoured their request and "broken in spirit" he left the village after five and a half years of voluntary work. He purchased an oil- press in Lod but despite the hard work the returns did not provide him with a livelihood for his family and he closed the business down.
He also tried to work as a wagon driver and later opened a pharmacy in Jaffa that existed for some ten years.
In Jaffa he was one of the main speakers among the intelligentia of the new settlement. When Herzl visited the country he was one of those chosen to receive him. In March 1902, just twenty years after he came to the country, he got sick and died in Jerico. He was brought for burial in the cemetery on the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem.