Moshe Gabin was born in the Ukraine. As a young man he was active in the "Halutz" movement, and a member of the "Hahshara Al Hamishmar". In 1926 he was arrested on account of his Zionist activity and deported to Siberia. When his imprisonment was changed to deportation to Eretz Israel he came to the country in 1929 and settled in Rishon Le Zion. He joined the "Mishmarot" collective group near Pardess Hanna along with other Russian deportees. For several years he worked in orange groves, in building and was a member of the "Building Workers Association" until 1936.
During the riots of 1936 he was involved in arranging the transfer of 200 families from Jaffa to Rishon Le Zion. The refugees were settled on the sand-dunes in a suburb named Ezra Ubitzaron (today Ramat Eliyahu) and that was the first experiment (a daring experiment in those days) in the setting up of a suburb on the sand dunes. During the 40's he was chosen as secretary of the Workers? Union in Rishon Le Zion and he filled this post for some ten years until he was elected mayor of Rishon Le-Zion. This was the first time that the municipal rule of the village was handed over to the workers of the "Histadrut" (Labor Union).
During the period he served as mayor, 1952-1955, the population of Rishon Le-Zion trebled with the arrival of large waves of immigrants who moved in two directions – to "Shikun Hamizrach" on the eastern side of the town and to "Ezra Ubizaron" (Ramat Eliyahu) on the west. Great efforts were made to establish the two suburbs and absorb the new immigrants.
Later, Moshe Gabin became director of the Agricultural Workers' House in the "Vulkani" Institute at Beit Dagan. He was a member of the Friends of the Museum of Rishon Le-Zion since its founding.