||Abramovitch (Hochman) Menachem Mendel
Menachem Mendel Abramovitch was born in Kishinov, Serbia, as Menachem Mendel Hochman.
At the age of 11, because of the custom of kidnapping children and sending them to the Russian army, he fled and moved to Yassi, Rumania, where he was adopted by the Abramovitch family. Later, after marrying the daughter of the adoptive family, Esther Abramovitch, he took on the family name for himself.
In 1883 he immigrated to Eretz Israel with his family and settled in Jerusalem. Here, he decided to continue the business he ran in Rumania and rented a flour mill and a warehouse to store the grain. However, the roof of the warehouse was in bad condition, the rain dripped through wetting the grain which began to sprout and he lost all his money. When he heard of the settling of pioneers in the Baron Rothschild's villages, he turned to the Baron's administrator in Rishon Le-Zion and asked to get land there. Indeed, he received 100 dunam of land and a small house. He moved his family to the village and became a winegrower and farmer. Several years later he paid his debt to the Baron and thus became an independent farmer.
In 1902 his son, Yaakov, was murdered by Arabs from Jaffa. In his memory, Menachem Mendel and his son, Mordechai, built the Hospice for the Poor ("Hachnasat Orchim") and Medical Clinic (today part of the Museum of Rishon Le-Zion). The hospice, named "Bet Menachem" in memory of Menachem Mendel Abramovitch, was intended to house "needy visitors" arriving from outside the village. Clear rules were set for its occupants: "the visitor had to obey the leaders according to the village's Book of Rules and Regulations… every poor person has the right to live in this house for three days after which time he must leave the place and notify the superintendent; the superintendent has the authority to send away any guest who does not fulfill exact cleanliness obligations or has a contagious disease… "( A.M. Freiman , "50th Anniversary" , vol. 2, page 82).
The medical clinic was intended for patients "who are unable to call a doctor to their home of even go to the doctor's house. The clinic heals people with eye diseases, bandages wounds, gives injections etc….approximately 150 patients a month and about 90% of them without paying". (D. Yudelovitch, Rishon Le-Zion, 1882-1941, page 518).
Menachem Mendel Abramovitch is a signatory of the second Book of Rules and Regulations (1897). He served on the committee of the Great Synagogue. He dealt in charity. Until his last years he managed the Hospice for the Poor.